Overview. This dictionary contains over 32, terms that are specific to Computers and media communications, electronic engineering, and natural sciences. Dictionary of computer and Internet terms / Douglas A. Downing,. Michael A. Covington, Melody Mauldin Covington. — 10th ed. p. cm. ISBN Computer Science and Technology provides overviews and important facts . Page, Larry. PDF (Portable Document Format) data dictionary.
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PDF | Automatic text analysis systems can lexically recognize a word only if it already exists in the electronic dictionary. The same thing is true. This makes a good glossary for an introduction to computer science. You should . that indicates the type of the file such as pdf, jpg, txt, etc. The fifth edition of the Microsoft Computer Dictionary has it also includes tools such as Distiller (which creates PDF The branch of computer science.
Example: IRC: Internet Relay Chat; a system that enables two or more Internet users to conduct online discussions in real time. IRQ: Interrupt request; refers to a number associated with a serial port on an PC or compatible computer.
It usually can be changed by flipping a dip switch. Occasionally, when you're using a modem connect to the Internet, you may need to adjust the IRQ number assigned to the serial port which connects the modem to avoid conflicts with another device like your mouse.
Dataprise has developed a comprehensive assessment process that includes conducting thorough, in-depth reviews all of your critical technology areas, evaluating them against best practices and then providing you with a roadmap to better leverage your IT as a competitive advantage. Back to top J Java: A general purpose programming language commonly used in conjunction with web pages that feature animation.
Small Java applications are called Java applets; many can be downloaded and run on your computer by a Java-compatible browser like Firefox or Internet Explorer.
Other options include left justified text is lined up against the left margin and right justified text is lined up against the right margin. K: An abbreviation for kilobyte; it contains 1, bytes; in turn 1, kilobytes is equal to one megabyte.
Kbps: Kilobits per second; a measure of data transfer speed; one Kbps is 1, bits per second. Example: a Kerberos: An authentication system developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT ; it enables the exchange of private information across an open network by assigning a unique key called a "ticket" to a user requesting access to secure information.
Example: a K diskette can hold approximately , bytes or characters. Back to top L LAN: Local area network; a network that extends over a small area usually within a square mile or less.
Connects a group of computers for the purpose of sharing resources such as programs, documents, or printers. Shared files often are stored on a central file server. It works on the same principle as a photocopier, placing a black powder onto paper by using static charge on a rolling drum. Information within a learning management system often takes the form of learning objects see "learning object" below. Although each chunk is unique in its content and function, it must be able to communicate with learning systems using a standardized method not dependent on the system.
Each chunk requires a description to facilitate search and retrieval. Linux is freely available over the Internet.
LISTSERV, Listserver: An electronic mailing list; it provides a simple way of communicating with a large number of people very quickly by automating the distribution of electronic mail. At OSU, mailing lists are used not only for scholarly communication and collaboration, but also as a means of facilitating and enhancing classroom education. Back to top M MaaS: Metal-as-a-Service; The dynamic provisioning and deployment of whole physical servers, as opposed to the provisioning of virtual machines.
Category: computer science dictionary pdf
You use a client program like Microsoft Outlook for retrieving new mail from the server and for composing and sending messages. There are two main types of lists: 1 one you create within an e-mail program like Outlook that contains addresses for two or more individuals you frequently send the same message; and 2 a Listserve type that requires participants to be subscribed e.
Also referred to as "RAM". Often the distinction between small mainframes and minicomputers is vague and may depend on how the machine is marketed.
Glossary of IT Terms
Bit: Bit is Binary Digit. It refers to a digit number, either a 0 or a 1.
The binary digit is used to represent computerized data. Boolean: An expression, the value of which is either true or false. Buffer: Buffer is a location, especially in RAM, for storage of temporary data to speed up an operation such as disk access or printing.
Glossary of computer science
BUS: A bus is a set of wires that enables flow of data from one location of the computer to another. Byte: Eight bits is equal to 1 byte. It defines how an auxiliary program and a Web server would communicate. Class: A group of objects having same operations and attributes is defined as a class.
Connect Telecom and SI
Client: A client is a program that asks for information from other processes or programs. Outlook Express is a great example of a client. It is the battery powered chip that is situated on the Motherboard that retains system information such as date and time. Data: Data refers to the information that is saved on a computer. It is a command line operating system launched by Bill Gates.
DTP: Desk Top Publisher ing is a term that describes a program that enables users to create, design, and print items such as business cards, birthday cards, letterheads, calendars, invitations, and so on. Environment: Environment refers to the interaction among all factors external to a physical platform.
An environment is made of specific software, hardware, and network protocols that allow communication with the system. It resembles a table of contents so that files can be located on a computer.
Fault: Hardware or software failure. Front End: It is an interface through which a program can be accessed by common users.
Hardware: Hardware is a set of physical objects such as monitor, keyboard, mouse, and so on. Icon: Icon is a small visual display of an application which can be activated by clicking on it.
IDE is a programming system that combines several tools of programming to provide an integrated platform for programming. Instance: It is an object described by its class. Internet: Internet is a network that accommodates several computers to facilitate exchange and transfer of data.
Kernel: It is a program called when a computer system is started. Kernel is responsible for setting up system calls in order to manage hardware and system services, and allocate resources to applications. Memory: Memory is the internal storage location where data and information is stored on a computer.
Modem: Modem is a term created from the beginning letters of two other words viz. The term implies changing of data from digital to analog and then back to digital.Continue to app Rating: This Computer Science Engineering App comprises of the following categories: Assertion — In computer programming , an assertion is a statement that a predicate Boolean-valued function , i.
The term VPN was originally used to describe a secure connection over the Internet. Computational biology — Computational chemistry — is a branch of chemistry that uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems. They consist of a few key strokes that form a picture showing an emotion.